Solar Spheres

Solar Spheres

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Mercury

Mercury is the smallest planet in our solar system it has four spheres. It has a lithosphere, cryosphere, atmosphere, and a magnetosphere. Mercury's lithosphere refers to merury's crust and upper mantle. Mercury's cryosphere is composed of frozen water in craters near the poles. Mercury's atmosphere is made of atoms that have been blasted off the surface by solar winds and micrometeoroids. Mercury's magnetosphere is only ~1% as powerful as earth's.

Venus

Venus is the hottest planet of the solar system and second closest to the sun it has three spheres. It has a lithosphere, an atmosphere and a ionosphere. Its lithosphere is composed of it's crust and upper mantle. Venus's atmosphere is made almost entirely of carbon dioxide. Venus doesn't have a magnetosphere, instead it has an ionosphere which protects itself from solar winds using ionized particles in three layers.

Earth

Earth has six spheres. It has a lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, biosphere and a magnetosphere. Earth's lithosphere is made from the upper mantle and crust. Earth's Atmosphere is made up of the 5 seperate layers. The hydrosphere is all the liquid on earth. Earth also has a cryosphere which is all the frozen liquids on the planet. The biosphere refers to all biological life on Earth. Earth is the only planet with a biosphere. Earth also has a magnetosphere which protects us from solar winds.

Mars

Mars has 5 spheres. It has a lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere and magnetosphere. Mars's lithosphere is made of all the rocks and minerals on the planet. Its atmosphere is made up of 3 layers. It's quite thin because Mars doesn't have a magnetosphere however, there is evidence suggesting it might have ~4billion years ago. Mars's Hydrosphere is close to non-existent, however there is strong evidence to suggest there once was a Martian hydrosphere. Its Cryosphere refers to all frozen liquids on mars.

Jupiter

Jupiter has four spheres. It has an atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and a magnetosphere. Jupiter's Atmosphere is the largest of any other planet in our solar system and is made up of 4 layers. Jupiter's cryosphere/lithosphere refers to all the frozen liquids in it's atmosphere and core and the hydrosphere refers to all liquids in it's atmosphere and mantle. However, scientists have never been able to observe the crust or mantle. Jupiter's Magnetosphere 16-54x as powerful as earths.

Saturn

Saturn has four spheres. It has an atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and magnetosphere. Saturn's atmosphere is predominately composed of hydrogen and helium. Saturn's cryosphere/lithosphere refers to all the frozen liquids in it's atmosphere and core and the hydrosphere refers to all liquids in it's atmosphere and mantle. However, scientists have never been able to observe the crust or mantle. Saturn's magnetosphere is more powerful than earths and protects even some of it's moons from solar winds.

Uranus

Uranus has four spheres. It has an atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and a magnetosphere. Uranus's atmosphere is predominately composed of hydrogen, helium and methane causing the planet to turn 'blueish'. Uranus's cryosphere/lithosphere refers to all the frozen liquids in it's atmosphere and core and the hydrosphere refers to all liquids in it's atmosphere and mantle. However, scientists have never been able to observe the crust but have observed the mantle. Uranus has an unusual magnetosphere. Uranus' magnetic field is tipped over nearly 60 degrees and is also offset from the center of the planet.

Neptune

Neptune has four spheres. It has an atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and a magnetosphere. Neptune's Atmosphere is predominately composed of hydrogen, helium and methane causing the planet to turn 'bluueish'. Neptune's cryosphere/lithosphere refers to all the frozen liquids in it's atmosphere and core and the hydrosphere refers to all liquids in it's atmosphere and mantle. However, scientists have never been able to observe the crust or mantle. Neptune's magnetic field is tipped over by ~47 degrees. Beacause of this Neptune's magnetosphere undergoes wild variations during each rotation.